The Aesthetic of Golden Ratio

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How to frame Artwork according to the Aesthetic of Golden Ratio

When framing a photograph, many people simple buy a frame that is the same size as whatever photo or piece of art they would like framed. In many instances, however, this can create a photo that is distracting, or at a minimum does not live up to its full potential.

By employing a mathematical principle known as the golden ratio, a photo can be placed within a frame so that the eye is drawn to the focal point of the photo and the subject is both highlighted and displayed.

The proportion and aesthetic of the golden rectangle

The golden ratio, or golden rectangle, is somewhat complicated but very important to the art world.

In order to employ the theory, the height and width of a photograph are divided into the golden ratio, or 1.6, creating four possible focal points where the lines intersect. The idea is to place the focal point of the photo at one of these focal points, drawing attention to that part of the photograph.

With many photographs, cropping out unnecessary or distracting details can help make employing the golden ratio easier while also providing more aesthetic appeal.

The aesthetic and proportion of the golden ratio

When placing the focal point of the photo at the intersection of a golden ratio line is not feasible, the second option is to create a rectangle using the four intersections.

This rectangle can be used to help frame the image as well. The utilization of focal points and the golden ratio helps provide the viewer with a better perspective of the item on display.

Mathematically, the golden ratio states that a given line is divided into two segments. The ratio of the entire line is of the exact same proportion to the longest segment as the longest segment is proportioned to the smaller segment. While confusing to many first time art students, the golden ratio is a natural mathematical equation that exists in abundance not only in art, but in the science world as well. Many plants and animals are naturally proportioned according to the golden ratio.

The importance of framing using the golden ratio or the golden rectangle is mainly an issue of aesthetics. By framing a piece of art so that the focal point lies at one of these intersections, the human eye is naturally drawn to the detail that provides the main focus of the piece. This creates an effect that matches the artist's intention when creating the piece while also providing an aesthetic quality that is pleasing to the viewer.

The golden ratio employs the theory of proportion in such a manner that it helps art stay true to life and to match the proportions of most parts of the naturally occurring world. Many artists utilize the golden ratio, as do a majority of architects, who appreciate the theory for both its scientific and aesthetic qualities. Framing a photo is something that virtually anyone can do, but when the same art is framed according to the golden ratio, the end result can be the highlight and enhancement of the work to such a degree that it seems to be an entirely new photograph.

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How to frame artwork according to the aesthetic of golden ratio?